Dr Mohammad Abdus Salam

(Who shared Nobel Prize for Physics in 1979) by   (Dr) Surjit Singh Bhatti   Formerly, Professor & Head, Department of Physics,   Dean, Sciences, Guru Nanak Dev University,   Amritsar (India).         Born on 29th of  January 1926 in Jhang, now in  Pakistan, Salam became one of the youngest persons to be elected a Fellow of the…

General Zorawar Singh – The Napoleon of India / East

(by)  Dr Surjit Singh Bhatti   Formerly, Professor & Head, Dean (Sciences),   Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar.       Sardar Zorawar Singh (1784-1841) was a famous General of the Empire of Maharaja Ranjit Singh (1799-1849), who ruled over Northern India. He was conqueror of the impossible terrains of the Himalayan mountains of Ladakh, Baltistan, Tibet and Skardu….

Akal Takht, Amritsar

(Dr) Surjit Singh Bhatti, Formerly, Professor & Head , Dean (Sciences) ,Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar “Akal Takht” means “Throne of the Immortal or Timeless One”, and is the first of  the five most respected and Chief Centres of Religious and Temporal Authority of Sikhism. Originally it was named Akal Bunga. It is located in the Darbar…

The Twin-Towers (Bunge)

Near Harmandar Sahib (Golden Temple), Amritsar By Professor (Dr) Surjit Singh Bhatti In 1762, the famous Sikh leader Sardar Jassa Singh Ramgarhia (1723-1803) built two watchtowers to detect and defend Amritsar’s historic Harmandar Sahib (Golden Temple), against the armed attacks led by Ahmed Shah Abdali. The Afghans attacked this Holy Sikh Shrine many times and…

The Battle of Saragarhi

Prof. (Dr) Surjit Singh Bhatti (Retd.), Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar The famous Battle of Saragarhi was fought between 21 British Indian Sikh soldiers and Afghans, estimated between 10,000 and 12,000, who were accompanied by Orakzai and Afridi tribesmen. The soldiers in the fort, who were all Sikhs led by a Junior Officer, Ishar Singh, chose to fight to death,…

The only General to Conquer Afghanistan

Sardar Hari Singh Nalwa- The Tiger-Killer   By Prof. (Dr) Surjit Singh Bhatti ( Retd.), Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar Maharaja Ranjit Singh, the Sikh Emperor of India during 1799-1849, was voted recently as the Greatest World Leader in history. This was the result of a poll conducted by the BBC World History Magazine in…

Florence Nightingale

Birthday Tribute on May 12, to The “Lady with the Lamp” (1820-1910) By Prof. (Dr) Surjit Singh Bhatti (Retd.) Head, Department of Physics & Dean, Applied  Sciences Guru Nanak Dev University. Amritsar Born in a rich family in Florence (Italy), Nightingale spent most of her life in England. As a pioneering and dedicated nurse, she…

Earth Day – April 22

50th  Anniversary of the Earth Day ( on 22nd April 2020 )  Dr Surjit Singh Bhatti, Retired Professor & Head, Department of Physics and Dean, Faculty of Sciences, Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar (India). Earth Day is celebrated around the world (on April 22) every year to support efforts for environmental protection. First celebrated in…

Dr Kartar Singh Bawa

      A Tribute on his Birthday     to An Eminent Sikh Scientist Dr Kartar Singh Bawa (1886-1960)                      By         Dr Surjit Singh Bhatti Dr Bawa Kartar Singh, a direct descendent of Guru Amar Das, the Third Sikh  Guru, was a great scientist, born on  the 17th of April 1886 at Amritsar.  His father Bawa Jivan…